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'NSAIDs' image

NSAIDs

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduce inflammation, which helps to ease joint pain and stiffness. Some commonly used NSAIDs are available to buy over the counter. Stronger types are only available on prescription. Coxibs, a newer type of NSAIDs, were designed to reduce inflammation but with fewer side-effects, particularly on the digestive system. Coxibs are only available on prescription. » read more

 
'Local steroid injections' image

Local steroid injections

Some steroids occur naturally in the human body. Man-made steroids act like natural steroids to reduce inflammation. They can be given in tablet form or as an injection. A steroid mixture can be injected into or around an inflamed joint to ease symptoms. It is known as a local injection because it acts in a particular area. A number of different steroids are available for injection. Some work quite quickly but for a relatively short time, while others are effective for longer but also take longer to start working. » read more

 
'Infliximab' image

Infliximab

Infliximab (trade names Remicade, Inflectra, Remsima) is an anti-TNF (anti-tumour necrosis factor) drug. TNF is a protein which is found in everyone's blood as part of the body's normal response to infection. However, in rheumatoid arthritis and some other inflammatory diseases abnormal production of TNF causes inflammation and damage to bones, cartilage and tissue. Anti-TNF drugs block the action of TNF and so reduce this inflammation. » read more

 
'Hydroxychloroquine' image

Hydroxychloroquine

Hydroxychloroquine (trade name Plaquenil) is a disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD). These drugs have the effect of dampening down the underlying disease process, rather than simply treating symptoms. » read more

 
'Golimumab' image

Golimumab

Golimumab (trade name Simponi) is an anti-TNF (anti-tumour necrosis factor) drug. TNF is a protein which is found in everyone's blood as part of the body's normal response to infection. However, in rheumatoid arthritis and some other inflammatory diseases, abnormal production of TNF causes inflammation and damage to bones, cartilage and tissue. Anti- TNF drugs block the action of TNF and so reduce this inflammation. » read more

 
'Etanercept' image

Etanercept

Etanercept (trade name Enbrel) is a type of drug known as anti- TNF (anti-tumour necrosis factor). In people with rheumatoid arthritis and some other inflammatory diseases a protein called TNF is overproduced in the body, causing inflammation and damage to bones, cartilage and tissue. Anti-TNF drugs block the action of TNF and so reduce this inflammation. » read more

 
'Certolizumab' image

Certolizumab

Certolizumab pegol (trade name Cimzia) is a type of drug known as anti-TNF (anti-tumour necrosis factor). In people with rheumatoid arthritis and some other inflammatory diseases a protein called TNF is overproduced in the body, causing inflammation and damage to bones, cartilage and tissue. Anti-TNF drugs block the action of TNF proteins and so reduce this inflammation. » read more

 
'Adalimumab' image

Adalimumab

Adalimumab (trade name Humira) is a type of drug known as an anti-TNF (anti-tumour necrosis factor). In people with rheumatoid arthritis and some other inflammatory diseases a protein called TNF is overproduced in the body, causing inflammation and damage to the joints. Anti-TNF drugs block the action of TNF and so reduce this inflammation. » read more

 
'Amitriptyline' image

Amitriptyline

Amitriptyline belongs to a group of drugs called tricyclic antidepressants. Although they are still used to treat anxiety and depression, they are also now widely used at lower doses to help block the chronic (long-term) pain of some rheumatic conditions. The main aim of lower-dose amitriptyline is to relieve pain, relax muscles and improve sleep, but it may also help reduce any anxiety or depression resulting from the pain. Low-dose amitriptyline alone will not be enough to treat severe depression. » read more

 
'Azathioprine' image

Azathioprine

Azathioprine is a type of drug known as a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug, or DMARD. These drugs have the effect of dampening down the underlying disease process, rather than simply treating the symptoms. Azathioprine reduces the activity of the immune system (the body's own defence system), which may be overactive in some rheumatic conditions. » read more

 
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