What Is Gout?
Many people have probably heard the word
Gout is a medical condition that causes sudden and severe episodes of joint pain, tenderness, warmth and swelling. It usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe but can affect other joints such as the knee, ankles, hands or wrist.
Signs and symptoms of gout are generally acute – they come on suddenly without warning. A significant proportion of people with gout
Attacks usually occur in the big toe and any physical contact is painful. The symptoms develop over a few hours and the swelling can very often look like an infection and the skin may peel.
Gout may also occur in the ankles, hands, wrists, knees or feet. Many people describe the affected areas as warm/hot. If several joints are inflamed at once this is called polyarticular gout.
Urate crystals cause inflammation. This is where the joint becomes intensely painful, red, hot, shiny and swollen. Urate crystals can also collect under the skin and elsewhere, forming small, firm, white pimples called tophi, which are not usually painful.
Similar attacks can be caused by calcium crystal deposits in joints. This type of crystal arthritis (termed pseudogout or pyrophosphate arthritis) affects the knee and other joints more than the big toe and is linked with osteoarthritis.
- Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs NSAIDs
- Urate-Lowering Therapy (ULT)
This booklet will help you understand more about gout, what it is, what causes it and the different gout treatments so you can live your best possible life with this condition.
booklet you will find: Whatis gout?
- What causes gout?
- What are the symptoms?
- What to look out for before an acute attack
- What are the long-term risks?
- How is gout diagnosed?
- Treatment of acute attacks
- What you can do to avoid developing gout?